In the last century, the Nobel Prize and the Prize in Economics Sciences have been awarded approximately 603 times to roughly 962 people and organizations. It has been observed that some people have won the award more than once, making the total of 930 individuals and 25 organizations.
Normally, Nobel Prize season starts in October – committees in Norway and Sweden name laureates for a number of categories, like literature, economics, peace work, and sciences. The Nobel Prize announcements 2020 were made in October as well.
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The Nobel Prize is usually presented to the winners in Stockholm and Oslo in December. Of course, keeping the circumstances in mind this year, the committee has changed their approach: Some events were canceled due to the digital ceremony for the Nobelists; the medals and diplomas were distributed to the recipients through assistance from embassies. However, the winners have been invited to the award ceremony next year.
As far as the Oslo ceremony is concerned, the peace prize will be relatively smaller, maintaining a very limited audience. In fact, last month, the Nobel committee announced another change in the event. Well, apparently, each prize will rise to 10 million Swedish Krona, making it a million more than the last year.
We’ve provided you the list of winners of the Nobel Prizes and Nobel Laureates of the last few years.
Physiology or Medicine
Michael Houghton, Drs. Harvey J. Alter, and Charles M. Rice received the prize for their work on Hepatitis C virus(they discovered the virus). According to the Nobel committee, due to these three scientists, there is now a possibility of blood tests and new medicines that will help save millions of lives.
Roger Penrose, Andrea Ghez and Reinhard Genzel received the prize for their work on black holes. They made astounding discoveries that will have a profound impact in the field and improve our understanding of the universe.
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Jennifer A. Doudna and Emmanuelle Charpentier for their work on the development of Crispr-Cas9,which is basically a method for genome editing.
The Nobel Prize was awarded to Louise Glück! She is an underrated and wise poet of America, and was awarded for “her unmistakable poetic voice that, with austere beauty, makes individual existence universal".
The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to the World Food Program. The committee acknowledged the program for its efforts to fight the significant surge in global hunger amid the pandemic.
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Paul R. Milgrom and Robert B. Wilson were awarded the Nobel Prize in economic science for their work that helped bring significant improvements to auction theory and inventions of new auction formats.
James Peebles won the Prize for the theoretical discoveries in the field of physical cosmology, whereas Didier Queloz and Michel Mayor got awarded for their work on the discovery of exoplanet orbiting a solar-type star!
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M. Stanley Whittingham, John B. Goodenough, and Akira Yoshino were awarded for their work on the lithium-ion batteries development.
The Nobel Prize was awarded to William G. KaelinJr, M. Stanley Whittingham and Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe for their discoveries of how cells adapt to availability of oxygen and sense that.
The award this year was given to Peter Handke for his deeply impactful work on linguistic ingenuity that explored the periphery and the specificity of human experience.
Abiy Ahmed Ali won this award for his critical efforts to achieve international cooperation and peace. He was especially acknowledged for his incredible initiative to fix the border conflict with neighboring Eritrea.
Abhijit Banerjee, Esther Duflo, and Michael Kremer got awarded the Nobel Prize for their experimental way to eliminate global poverty.
Arthur Ashkin was awarded the Nobel Prize for his work on the optical tweezers and their application to biological systems. Gérard Mourou
and Donna Strickland were also awarded for their method of generating high-intensity, ultra-short optical pulses.
Frances H. Arnold got this prestigious award for his work on the directed evolution of enzymes. In addition, George P. Smith and Sir Gregory P. Winter got recognized for the phage display of peptides and antibodies.
James P. Allison and Tasuku Honjo won the award for their discovery of cancer therapy by inhibition of negative immune regulation.
Olga Tokarczuk was awarded the Nobel Prize for her work in the narrative imagination that when combined with encyclopedic passion, reflects the crossing of boundaries like a form of life.
Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad were given this incredible honor for their deep commitment and efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict.
The Nobel Prize was awarded to William D. Nordhausfor his work in integrating climate change into long-run macroeconomic analysis. Furthermore, Paul M. Romer got recognition for integrating technological innovations into long-run macroeconomic analysis.
Rainer Weiss, Barry C. Barish and Kip S. Thorne were collectively awarded for their contribution to the observation of gravitational waves and LIGO detector.
Jacques Dubochet, Joachim Frank, and Richard Henderson were given the Nobel Prize for their work on developing cryo-electron microscopy for the high-resolution structure determination of biomolecules in solution.
Jeffrey C. Hall, Michael Rosbash, and Michael W. Young were awarded the Nobel Prize for their prodigious molecular mechanisms discoveries controlling the circadian rhythm.
Kazuo Ishiguro was awarded this prestigious award for his significant contributions in literature and ford is covering the illusory connection with the world.
The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN) due to its pursuit to highlight the catastrophic consequences of the nuclear weapons. In addition, they were praised for their remarkable efforts to earn a treaty-based prohibition of nuclear weapons.
Do you know that winners of the 2020 prizes got 10,000,000 SEK? This roughly converts to US$1,145,000! Anyway, we’ve got to agree that the Nobel Prize 2020 winner list was fantastic!