Every year Winter Solstice is celebrated on the 21st of December worldwide and by Google, indicating the shortest and coldest day of the year. But this year, it’s going to be even more special (find out here), as we’ll witness another miraculous event around the same time: The Great Conjunction!Here are the five shocking facts about the great conjunction!What really happens on the 2020 winter solstice?See Winter Solstice meaning, traditions and celebrations!As we already mentioned, the Winter Solstice happens on the 21st of December every year and it’s the shortest day of the year. But how is it possible? That’s your actual question, right? Basically on this day, the sun tends to be at its lowest in the Northern Hemisphere sky, making it stand at the farthest standpoint in the Southern region. Therefore, the sun finds itself directly over the Tropic of Capricorn.Here are the closest pictures of Sun released by NASA. Due to this reason, people who reside at 23.5 degrees south latitude, experience the sun right over them at noon. The day is considered to be their summer solstice. Shortly thereafter, the sun starts to move towards the north again. But if you thought that because of the winter solstice, the Northern Hemisphere would also observe the latest sunrise and earliest sunset, you’re wrong. They, in fact, occur two weeks prior and after the winter solstice 2020. The reason is simple: the distance is changing from the sun elliptically and not in a circular motion, which changes the speed at which we orbit around the sun. When you compare the position of the sun at the same time every other day of the year, you’d notice that it’s not the same. It would be right to state that the sun is positioned higher in the summer and lower in the sky during winters. But we must also keep in mind that it moves from side to side at its regular noontime position. Due to this reason, the time at which the sun rises and sets changes. It must also be kept in mind that varied seasons exist due to the axial tilt of Earth – the distance from the Sun plays no role in this phenomenon. So, the explanation that we’re closest to the sun in January is baseless. Now onto out next question: What exactly is the great conjunction?As you may know, Saturn and Jupiter have been seen fairly close to one another throughout the year. But things will be different this time around. On the 21st of December, both planets will experience a somewhat meet up, giving us a rare sight to witness on that night. Good news for people who’ve got a pair of binoculars: you can witness this miraculous occasion, easily on the 21st of December. It’s the first time in two decades that this merger of some kind will be spotted. next time it appears will be 2080, and we bet you on this, most of us will be dead by then. The last time we got to see this unique union was back in 2000, however, the two planets were soon separated by two full-moon widths. This year, the orbits are in favor yet again and they appear to be approximately one-fifth of a full-moon diameter. This is a once-in-a-lifetime type of a situation because you won’t be able to view this sight in the next 60 years at least. And it’s also being said that this time around the union will be spectacular and large.Check out the top memes on Twitter about December 21st - #Black Superpowers!Are you interested in viewing the great conjunction? You can stream it on one of the observatory telescope sessions that will go live on the day. There will be expert panels available during that session to respond to your queries. But hey, remember that it will be out at dusk so be prepared. In the United States, the conjunction will be seen at 5:02 a.m. ET.Can’t wait to celebrate the December Solstice and Great Conjunction’ of Jupiter and Saturn on December 21st! Also, check out the 19 most creative New Year Eve's ideas 2021 while you enjoy the December Global Holidays and keep safe from the deadly Coronavirus mutating in the UK!Also, like our Facebook page now to know about what some of these jerk celebrities are celebrating the holiday season and win an exciting gift.
Lockheed Martin inks $4.4 billion!Lockheed Martin Corp, world’s leading defense contractor, announced on Sunday that it has inked a $4.4 billion deal to acquire Aerojet Rocketdyne, missile and Rocket Engine Manufacturer Company.This acquisition marks Lockheed’s biggest acquisition deal since Jim Taichel was appointed as CEO in June this year. He is eyeing towards enhancing the company’s propulsion performance in view of the arrival of new companies in the space market, such as Blue Origin and SpaceX, which are owned by the world’s two richest men Elon Musk and Jeff Bezos.Check out SpaceX plan to provide the fastest internet service!“Acquiring Aerojet Rocketdyne will preserve and strengthen an essential component of the domestic defense industrial base and reduce costs for our customers and the American taxpayer,” said Taichlet, CEO of Lockheed Martin Corp in a statement.The deal also marks the latest merge of space industry giants since Northrop Grumman’s acquisition of Orbital ATK for $7.8 billion in 2017.Eileen Drake, Aerojet’s CEO said in a statement, “As part of Lockheed Martin, we will bring our advanced technologies together with their substantial expertise and resources to accelerate our shared purpose: enabling the defense of our nation and space exploration.”Aerojet Rocketdyne holds $2 billion worth of capital and has some 5,000 employees working around the country. The company is in contract with NASA (give powering idea to NASA and win $5 Million) to manufacture rocket engines, such as RS-25, which are used in NASA’s Space Launch System rocket. The same engine is already used in propulsion systems in multiple Lockheed’s defense systems. Lockheed manufactures the Orion spacecraft that flies on top of the Space Launch System (SLS) rocket. This acquisition provides Lockheed with a stake in the rocket industry, which is originally created by Boeing. Maryland-based Lockheed, Bethesda is spending $56 for each share, 33% higher than the Friday closing price of Aerojet Rocketdyne’s stocks. The final price will drop to $51 for each share that will be given when the acquisition finalizes. The deal is expected to conclude during the second half of the upcoming year. With this acquisition, Chief Executive Jim Taiclet is looking forward to expanding the world’s biggest defense contractor, as he picked up a major U.S supplier of propulsion systems for rockets, missiles, and other defense and space mechanisms.See: Boston Dynamics can now backflip and land safely on the ground!Lockheed has been exploring deals since the start of this year. In January, the company expressed its interest towards signing new deals, following the collaboration of its rival Raytheon Co. with United Technologies Corp. to produce an aerospace-and-defense powerhouse. Lockheed has been rooting for opportunities to bring new technologies into the company that they deemed as crucial for the company’s future growth and development.With this merge, Lockheed’s takes on Elon Musk’s SpaceX head-to-head for space contracts from U.S government through the United Launch Alliance, its joint project with Boeing Co. The deal is subjected for approval from Aerojet Rocketdyne’s stockholders and other regulators. A transition team will be created to look after the company’s integral operations.To know more about this, like our Facebook page now and also win an exciting gift!
5 shocking facts... are these enough for this magnificent collaboration?As the day of solstice approaches closer, it becomes more prominent that Jupiter and Saturn will be seen the closest on that day. We certainly can’t wait to witness this beautiful view on Dec. 21st !Whenever two planets meet each other, it’s known as conjunction – at least this is what the scientists say. Scientists often use the term great conjunction whenever they want to describe the meeting to two of the biggest planets in our solar system – Jupiter and Saturn. It’s an exciting view because we get to see two worlds come together, in a way. So the latest update suggests that we’re about to witness this great conjunction of Jupiter and Saturn on the December 21, 2020. There are wild assumptions relating to what it would look like. Some claim that it will be like watching two elongated stars, while others think that it could possibly seem like a double planet on the rise. Now we have some serious questions: What if it’s cloudy that night? And what how can we watch it anyhow? Honestly, it doesn’t matter if the sky would be cloudy that day or not, you just can’t find excuses to miss the wonderful sight! Also, be sure to like us on Facebook and get a chance to win a gift!Look, the Jupiter-Saturn conjunctions happen after every two decades. The last time this grand sight was captured was in the year 2000! But it’s also true that not all conjunctions are created equally. In fact, it is being reported that the great conjunction that will be captured this year will be the closest to the conjunction that happened in 1623 and 1226! And in case you missed it this year, you’ll have to be alive on the 15th of March of the year 2080 to see it again! Do you really want to take a chance then?Back in 2000, when the great conjunction was observed, the sky was cloudy and challenging to observe. And now we’re due for a more observable meet-up! You can start observing the sky every evening to witness the great conjunction of Jupiter and Saturn. It won’t be far from the sunset glare and can be viewed as two bright objects nearby. Also, two days before the conjunction, the moon will start appearing in the sky, more prominently than ever, to point the direction to the planets.You must know that Jupiter shines brighter than any star, whereas Saturn is a bit subtle. It is golden in color and distinct but it doesn’t outshine others. Saturn can be found to the east of Jupiter on the dome of sky. You just have to look for two bright spots that are near one another. Also, while you’re at it, don’t look for spots that are twinkling too much. In fact, when you view them with a naked eye, you’ll find that both of them are shining steadily. Back in November, when the moon went right past Jupiter and Saturn, the giant planets were only three degrees apart. In the time between 21st November and 21st December, the conjunction will increase up to six degrees. There will be intense movement observed, resulting in Jupiter bridging the 3 degree gap between itself and Saturn. As you know, Saturn is the 6th planet of the world. It’s also the slowest moving planet because of which we can view the movement with our naked eye. Jupiter, on the other hand, is the fifth planet as well as the second-slowest planet after Saturn. Saturn takes approximately 30 years to circle around the sun and Jupiter takes 12. Therefore, after every two decades, Jupiter finds a way to catch up with Saturn – granting us a chance to view it from Planet Earth. Do you wonder why these constellations happen after every 20 years or so? Well, we have the answer!Basically, every year Saturn completes around 12 degrees of its orbit around the sun and Jupiter finishes approximately 30 degrees. Hence, at the end of one year, Jupiter can close the gap between itself and Saturn for approximately 18 degrees. In two decades, Jupiter ends its 360 degrees on Saturn, lapping the giant planet every 20 years. So what is it that you’ll be doing, huh? Watching the miraculous show that Saturn and Jupiter will be putting up on December 21st!Well, there is already a lot to enjoy and watch during December Global Holidays!Final word: Jupiter and Saturn will be seen meeting on 21st of December, known as The Great Conjunction by scientists. It’s also being called the day of December solstice. We can see the two worlds colliding through our naked eye in the sky. The two planets will most likely be 0.1 degrees apart! Happy Holidays!
Impact of a solar eclipse especially total solar eclipse can be dangerous to many people!The 2020’s only total solar eclipse is set to happen on December 14 (this Monday) and here’s what you need to know about it:The sky watchers can observe the last total solar eclipse of December 2020 across South Pacific, Argentina, Chile and the southern Atlantic Ocean; however, a broader region in the Antarctica and southern South can observe a partial solar eclipse.Solar eclipses happen when the moon’s disc passes in front of the sun’s disc, blocking the sun view from Earth for a short while. When they entirely line up over each other, the moon hides the whole sun that leads to a total eclipse. Though, most of the times it only covers the partial parts of the sun- the phenomenon is called a partial or lunar eclipse. A total solar eclipse is a rare phenomenon that doesn’t happen each month because the moon’s orbit is slightly tilted in relation to the sun and barely aligns together. When will the solar eclipse occur?The partial solar eclipse will start at 1333 GMT or 8:33 a.m. EST and will be visible thousands of miles away from the southeastern coast of Hawaii in the Pacific Ocean. And after an hour at 1432 GMT or 9:32 a.m. EST the total phase of the eclipse will be observed in this region. The time of the longest eclipse, where the eclipse will happen for a longer time or the maximum time, the moon covers the sun, will begin after two hours at 1613 GMT or 11:13 a.m. EST. The moment of the longest eclipse will happen 29 kilometers village’s northwest Sierra Colorado in Argentina. Observers can witness the total eclipse till 12:54 p.m. EST while some part of the eclipse will be visible till 1853 GMT or 1:53 p.m. EST for viewing.Sorry to disappoint you just like we made you cry by discussing the most heart touching moments of 2020 but there are a few places where you can really catch a glimpse of the total solar eclipse. Yet, at some locations, observers will be able to look up and enjoy the eclipse with safety glasses.Check out the closest pictures of Sun released by NASA and ESA.For example, spectators in Villarrica, Chile will be informed to witness the total solar eclipse for about 2 minutes and 9 seconds of totality. The total eclipse will kick off at 1:02 p.m. local time and end at 1:04 p.m. local time. The last place to be able to witness the eclipse will be Salina del Eje in Argentina.Following this (December 14) solar eclipse, the next time we’re going to observe a total solar eclipse will be on next December 4, 2021, which is expected to occur over South America.How can it affect you?Before you read that check out the mysteries of Sun's Corna!There are many sky watchers who’re excited to witness the rare celestial event, but looking straight at the sun (just like your president), during the duration of even an annular eclipse, can result in other kinds of permanent eye damages including blindness!WARNING: Exposing your eyes to the sun when it’s eclipsed by the moon can cause “eclipse blindness” or retinal burn, also called solar retinopathy. This can also lead to damage or even destruction of calls in the retina that is responsible for transmitting what you see to the brain. So, it is advised to use special protective glasses or eyewear to observe the eclipse. Your basic glasses, even those come with UV protection, will not be enough to protect your eyes during the eclipse. And if you’re planning to capture the celestial event with any camera, you can use special solar filters that ensure the remaining ring of light doesn’t affect your vision. A pinhole camera comes in handy for observing total eclipse without exposing your eyes to the harmful UV rays. Viewers can also use welder’s glass to view an eclipse. Number 14 welder’s glass offers effective protection and is easily available at a local welder’s supply store. This protective glass can reduce the dangerous rays that are emitting from the eclipse. Avoid using if your welder’s glass has scratches or any damages.Mylar filters is another way to observe an eclipse safely. You can make a viewing box out of the aluminized mylar plastic sheets that are available at any general store. Avoid using if it contains scratches or any sort of damages.How NOT to watch a solar eclipse?Considering the alarming vision damages because of the dangerous UV rays during an eclipse, you should be extra careful about how you observe a solar eclipse. Obviously, you wouldn’t want to risk your eyesight for the sake of curiosity! Here’s what NOT recommended to watch an eclipse in the following ways:Smartphone: Observing an eclipse with your smartphone camera can be risky and may accidentally expose your eyes to the sun directly when lining the sun with the camera. Also, it could also harm your phone’s camera. So, don’t get into that trouble unless you’re wearing special eyewear.Camera viewfinder: It’s not a good idea of viewing an eclipse using the camera’s optical viewfinder. The idea may damage your vision exactly in a similar manner as looking directly at the sun. Filters: No filters are safe to use with any viewing equipment such as binoculars, telescope or camera unless it’s exclusively designed for viewing a solar eclipse! Unsafe filters include all color film, a monochrome film that has no silver, photographic negatives (x-rays and snapshots), sunglasses (even with UV protection), smoked glasses, and photographic neutral density filters. All these filters can maximize the risk of permanent eyesight damage.So, before you enter 2021, here's what you need to be prepared for!If you have captured a wonderful picture of solar eclipse and wish to share with us, feel free to drop them in the comment section below. For the sake of your physical and emotional wellbeing we strongly recommend you to follow all the precautionary measures while you witness the final solar eclipse of 2020.
Google updated its homepage logo with a doodle of Benoit Mandelbrot in honor of his 96th birthday!Widely known as the ‘Father of Fractal Geometry’, Benoit Mandelbrot is a Polish-born French and American mathematician with great interests in the practical sciences, especially related to what he called as “the art of roughness” of physical phenomenon and “the uncontrolled element in life.”Wondering what fractal geometry really is? Mandelbrot coined this term in 1975 to introduce a new branch of geometry that aims to make sense of all the irregular shapes and processes found in natural world and in our everyday lives. From snowflakes and ocean waves to the roller coaster rides of the stock market, he explained the mathematical phenomenon of all the irregular yet widely found shapes throughout nature. Belonging from a Jewish family, Benoit Mandelbrot was born on 20th November 1924 in Warsaw, Poland. He received a non-standard education during his childhood because of his Jewish background, and that’s also why World War II has been quite influential in Benoit's life. Prior to the outbreak of war, Benoit moved to France and received homeschooling from Szulim Mandelbrot, his uncle, who was also a mathematician living in Paris at that time. Benoit, after the war, finally enrolled himself in university where he earned a doctorate degree in mathematical sciences. In addition to his significant contribution to mathematics, he also worked at IBM in New York where he created an algorithm that modelled landforms found in nature. He digitally recreated fractals like the ‘Mandelbrot Set,’ which demonstrated how mathematics can be a beautiful thing.Among several Benoit Mandelbrot books , this was the major breakthrough of his career, and he published one of his famous books The Fractal Geometry of Nature in 1982. Benoit Mandelbrot Influenced Art and Mathematics – The Forward All his life, Benoit was driven by curiosity. He used to see things that a normal person couldn’t, things that may seem simple and usual to an average person; it was something extraordinary for Benoit. He experimented with ideas and was always looking for relationships. From big scientists and artists to school-going children, he could comfortably make fun conversations with almost everyone.Unlike any other scientist who preferred to see and concentrate on everything at the minute and narrow aspects, he was a unique person who preferred to look at wider perspectives and thus saw more deeply. His indispensable research and discoveries made valuable contributions to a wide array of fields, such as physics, finance, medicine, geology and arts. He revolutionized the way we see the world. Chris Anderson, the TED conference curator, described him as “an icon who changed how we see the world.” On 14 October 2010, Mandelbrot died from pancreatic cancer at the age of 85 in a hospice in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Reacting to his death news, Mathematician Heinz-Otto Peitgen stated that if we consider the impact that was created inside mathematics along with applications in the sciences, Benoit is indeed the most significant figure.” Do you want to know more about him? Here are some of the top documentaries or new documentaries 2020 including Fractal documentary Netflix and short clips that reflect on the life of the legendary mathematician Benoit Mandelbrot: Mandelbrot: The Secret Life Of Chaos BBC Four short documentary about Mandelbrot explores the secret life of chaos, a theory that defines the common mathematical feature in all worldly chaos, such as the crinkled edges of shores and the irregular shapes of trees and their branches. TED Talk ‘Benoit Mandelbrot: Fractals and the art of roughnessAt TED2010, the legend himself discussed the extreme complexity of roughness and the way Benoit Mandelbrot fractal math can find order and sense within patterns that seem complicated. Fractals: The hidden Dimension Fractals: The Hidden Dimension is an episode of Nova, a long-running series of documentaries based on research and speculation associated with science and history. The documentary narrates a theory discovered by Benoit Mandelbrot to describe the architecture and shapes used by nature. It’s a very informative documentary, explaining the complex terms and phenomena in a simpler and comprehensible way. Fractals: The Color of Infinity This is a documentary on Benoit’s discovered Fractal geometry narrated by Arthur C. Clarke, a science-fiction writer mostly known for his work 2001; A space Odyssey. In 1995, Clarke lent his voice to narrate a documentary on Fractals. Fractals: The Colors of Infinity tells the story of a mathematician Benoit Mandelbrot’s discovery, fractal geometry and what has been called “God’s fingerprint,” as fractals indicate that the things understood through time appear to imply additional meaning. The dispersion of stars across the night sky, the crinkled edges of the seashores, the grains of sand on the beach, can be graphically represented over time. The documentary features interviews of leading mathematicians, and original music written by Pink Floyd and David Gilmour. With its outstanding visual effects and original score, this documentary provides an excellent explanation of everyday fractal graphics and visualization. Ron Eglash: The Fractals at the heart of African Design In this TED talk, Ron Eglash, a mathematician, talked about his experiences in Africa while researching the fractal patterns he had observed in villages across the continent. He used the theories coined by the mathematician, Benoit Mandelbrot. Errol Morris starts his short documentary by inquiring a straightforward question from the legend himself: What is the origin of fractal stuff? Mandelbrot answers this potentially complicated query with an answer which is inimitably comprehensible. When he viewed at stuff that appeared to be complex to others, all of them were quite transparent for him. Morris’ documentary on Mandelbrot takes a simple approach to dissect his work and represent it in a narrative format in a way that is understandable to even those who don’t even belong to the mathematics background. After watching the above-mentioned clips and documentaries, we’re pretty sure the world may not appear the same to you! All thanks to Benoit and his ground-breaking discoveries in the field of mathematics. Since now you know what is Benoit Mandelbrot famous for, bookmark Hayvine to read more about Benoit Mandelbrot biography, Benoit Mandelbrot awards and Benoit Mandelbrot education.
So, who’s up for some celestial fireworks?The skies are going to be lit this November… actually, we could see about 10 to 15 bright spots falling down an hour overnight Monday into early Tuesday morning as the annual Leonid meteor shower peaks above the United States in the dark night sky. “The annual Leonids [meteor shower], caused by Earth passing harmlessly through the debris left by comet Temple-Tuttle, peaks in the predawn hours tomorrow,” the NASA Solar System account tweeted Monday.The show will be widely visible across much of the United States starting around midnight, probably showering at least a dozen bright flares of light across the sky each hour.The Leonids are well-known for creating some of the most mesmerizing meteor displays in the annals of astronomy. The most remarkable meteor storms were in 1799, 1833, and 1966, when about tens of thousands of bright spots per hour were observed across the sky. And in 1999, 2001 and 2003, Leonid displays were much less, as only a few thousand meteors per hour took place. If you’re still confused whether you should watch the celestial firework display or not, here are 8 reasons to watch tonight’s meteor shower: This year’s Leonid meteor shower will be more visible than the previous one! The skies are going to be clear across the United States, with a slight chance of rainfall near the Canadian border, according to the weather forecast. In 2019, the Leonid meteor shower was disrupted by the light of the moon. However, this year, a thin, crescent moon will only be 5% illuminated, making it more visible to enjoy the rare sight across the skies. Though, it won’t be as spectacular as shown in Disney movies Space.com says that this year’s shower will be calm as compared to those from 2001 and 2002, when thousands were visible. So, if you’re expecting a mesmerizing sky show on Tuesday morning, we’re sorry to break this to you, but it’s not going to happen since the shower will be a bit weak this year! It is important to stress upon the outset that any claims of a Disney-style spectacular meteor shower display will be highly exaggerated or overly optimistic. Perfect date night opportunity! Despite the odds, you can still enjoy a romantic date night under the open skies, when thousands of bright flares of light rush down the earth. Just imagine a chilly night, cool breezes, a mesmerizing view, and the company of your loved one! A bright, momentary escape from the dark, chaotic pandemic! Source: Sapceweather.com (A Leonid fireball captured over Sweden in 2015)This celestial event is a perfect opportunity to escape from the chaos for one night, and truly enjoy the once-in-a-year view— exactly what we have been needing this year! Make sure you position yourself away from city lights where the skies appear to be much darker. A memorable drive down the countryside! People usually prefer to see meteors from yards, decks, rooftops, streets, and especially highways in and around cities. But the best place to enjoy the mesmerizing view is always in the country. Just drive far away from the town, you’ll notice that same glittering stars who were dimmed by the city lights, will drastically popping out brighter into your view. Perfect time for night camping at your local park! Source: Space.com (a photo captured during 2015's Leonid meteor showers.City, state and national parks can also be the ideal places to enjoy the meteor shower. Make sure to go to the park early in the day so that you can grab a wide-open area with a good view of the sky in all directions. Going for a night camping with friends and family, and breathing in fresh air feels like a distant memory since the pandemic has forced all of us to cave inside our homes. So, treat your lungs to some fresh air and give your eyes a view to remember by heading to your local park tonight! A spectacular night out! Hanging out in bars, restaurants, or slumbering at your friend’s place has become so mainstream! Why not plan a night out with friends to watch a meteor shower this time? When night falls, you’ll probably be desperate to see meteors, but you have to wait till midnight! The National Weather Service suggests you should give yourself at least an hour to truly enjoy the lit skies. Your eyes will be adjusting for the first 20 to 30 minutes, and after that, you’ll see something bright and spectacular coming from the skies. NWS says that the most active period will be 2.am to dawn.So, make sure to get enough sleep in the early evening. And after midnight, lie back comfortably and watch the sky at its best! The unexpected eye treats across the skies from every direction Meteors in annual showers are usually named for the point in the starry sky from which they seem to radiate. These showers are called Leo the Lion because these meteors radiate outward from the vicinity of stars, which appears to look like a lion’s mane.The point in the sky from which meteors appear to radiate is called the radiant point. The radiant point is actually an optical illusion. This illusion of the radiant point is caused by the meteor movements, usually moving on parallel paths.Nowadays, people are mistaken that you must know the meteor’s radiant point in order to see the meteor shower. But it’s actually not the case; the meteors aren't usually visible until they are 30 degrees from their radiant point. Hence, the Leonid meteors will be visible in all parts of the sky! So whatever direction you’re looking at, you’ll definitely see several bright spots popping out into the sky.