Lungs no longer remain the only target….Image Source - Google | Image by Aylin WoodwardNew research discovered that COVID-19 is associated with fatal brain disorders and neurological problems. Coronavirus infected patients sustain brain swelling followed by the episodes of delirium, according to research published in the journal Brain on Wednesday. The research looked at 40 adult patients with Covid-19 in the UK, finding that some of them have nervous-system disorders such as Guillain-Barre syndrome that leads to paralysis, while others have fatal strokes. Even the patients that have only mild symptoms of the virus reported to have chronic brain damages. “We are seeing things in the way COVID-19 affects the brain that we haven't seen before with other viruses,” Micheal Zandie, a co-author of the study said in an interview. One COVID-19 patient started hallucinating monkeys and lions…A 55-year-old COVID patient with no existing or previous mental illness was admitted to hospital with mild symptoms like fever, cough and muscle aches. She was later discharged after two weeks, but her husband reported her strange behavior at home. She started hallucinating monkeys and lions at her room and became hostile towards family members and hospital staff. She was then treated with antipsychotic medications and later discharged after the course of three weeks, though it’s unclear whether she made a full recovery. Other COVID-19 patients with mild symptoms, between the ages of 16-85, reported similar neurological issues including more cases of delirium and psychosis. “You can have severe neurology, you can be quite sick, but actually have trivial lung disease,” Zandi added. Among the 40 patients observed in the study, about a dozen have had swelling in their nervous systems, one person died, while nine of them were diagnosed with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM), swelling and inflammation in the brain cells. In fact, the authors stated that the number of ADEM cases has started increasing since the Coronavirus pandemic began. Overall, the research concluded that the fatal neurological disorders are not necessarily associated with severe respiratory disorders among COVID-19 patients - meaning that even the patient’s lungs appear to be fine, but their mental state may not be. Even the younger COVID-19 patient can experience fatal strokes… It’s no longer an old age disease... Eight infected patients in the study reported to have strokes caused by blood clots in their brains, including a 27-year-old woman with mild viral symptoms. In another research, it has been found that even younger patients with mild COVID-19 symptoms could experience strokes. In April, New York City reported that the patients in their 40s and 30s had been taken to the hospital because of coronavirus-related strokes. Coronavirus Pandemic is the root cause of the epidemic of neurological disorders Initially, health officials were concerned that the virus may have a long term effect over the patients’ health. Authors of the study suggested the same thing. “My worry is that we have millions of people with COVID-19 now. And if in a year’s time we have 10 million recovered people, and those people have cognitive deficits… then that’s going to affect their ability to work and their ability to go about activities of daily living,” said Adrian Owen, a neurologist who was not the part of the study, told a private news organization. Despite the gradual decline in the coronavirus cases in the UK, scientists are fearing for the second-worst phase of the pandemic that is about to hit harder! So, make sure to follow all the SOPs and ensure the use of protective gears such as reliable and authentic Face Shields and Mask wherever you go out.
Image Source - Google | Image by James VincentA fictitious network of journalists, analysts, political commentators has been used by different private media outlets to voice positive opinions about the certain Gulf States, a report from The Daily Beast has revealed. In the investigation report, it was found that about 19 phoney identities of authors were created with AI-generated headshots and used to churn out favorable op-eds published in mainly conservative publications. It’s not the first time this advanced technology has been manipulated for personal interest, though it’s rare to see the same technology exploited for creating online deception for the masses. In a report published in The Associated Press last year, a fake LinkedIn account was found using an AI-driven Headshot for establishing a network of potential spies, trying to make contacts with the targeted professionals. Similar technology is being used to create fake online personas in sites such as ThisPersonDoesNotExist.com. The most interesting feature of this technology is that each profile picture is uniquely created so that they can't be traced back to the original picture (hence proven fake). However, the existing version of AI headshots is not impeccable. They have some flaws that are easily identified such as asymmetrical facial structure, abnormal features, blurry hair, weirdly melted earlobes and faded background. Some of the fake authors, reported in the Daily’s Beast investigation, shared similar abnormal features driven from AI technology, while others just have stolen personifications. The investigators found mutual links between those profiles that share a number of similar attributes and concluded that they are all part of one fictitious network of journalists, aiming to establish a coordinated propaganda campaign on the online platforms. However, the mastermind behind this propaganda hasn't been found yet. Considering the quality of opinionated pieces published by those fake authors, they do contain certain editorial values. Those op-eds mostly emphasized on placing more sanctions against Iran, favored the specific Gulf States like The United Arab Emirates, and heavily criticized Qatar. The fake authored op-eds were published on various US media outlets such as The Washington Examiner and the American Thinker, including Middle Eastern publications like The Jerusalem Post and Al Arabiya. After the The Daily Beast report, twitter has cancelled 15 accounts owned by fake writers as a result. Curious about what AI really is? Satisfy that itch and get Artificial Intelligence Dummies to learn more about the technology and its implications in the modern world.
A detailed view of a unique spiral galaxy known as NGC 2775 can be seen in a photo taken by Hubble Space Telescope of The European Space Agency and NASA. This view of the galaxy is described by ESA as flocculant. This is an interesting choice of word as its literal meaning is wooly, feathery or fluffy. The description seems pretty on point as you can see the arms spiraling out from its center and they resemble dog fur that is dotted with millions of blue stars. According to ESA, the furry arms imply that there hasn’t been anything in the way of star formation in this particular galaxy for quite some time. The arms that are actually made of gas are probably spread throughout due to the rotation of the galaxy. The center is also known as galactic bulge as it doesn’t have any star there. Apparently, all of these stars that are now spread all over the galaxy were once found in the center. No doubt, our entire world is full of God's handiwork – in the sea and land, the plants and animals. But when it comes to the sky, the universe has a realm of impeccable beauty. To know and see more of our beautiful galaxy, get yourself the depiction of the spectacular view of God's creation. According to Sky Live, this galaxy is situated in the Gemini constellation.
Source- The Express Scientists in China have identified a new strain of flu that has the potential to become the next pandemic. The virus has recently emerged in pigs, but can infect humans, researchers say. Not only this, but researchers are also concerned that the virus could further mutate and can easily be transferred from individual to individual, and can also stimulate another pandemic. CALM DOWN! It’s not an immediate threat YET, but it carries “all the hallmarks” required to be highly dangerous to contaminate humans and requires intense observation. As the virus is novel just like the existing Coronavirus, humans have less or no immunity against this virus. In the journal “Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences”, the scientists emphasized the need of implementing prompt measures to stop the virus in pigs and suggested for close monitoring of all swine industry workers. Another Pandemic Threat To Humanity While the world is wrestling with the current coronavirus pandemic, a new strain of influenza virus poses yet another threat to humanity and is among the major diseases that scientists have been investigating for. The last swine flu outbreak of 2009 turned out to be less deadly than expected initially, mostly because many middle-aged and older people were immune to it. Scientists believed that the inborn immunity among humans is because of the similar viruses, circulated years before. According to researchers, the novel flu strain, identified in China has a few similar traits to the 2009 swine flu virus. Should we start panicking? Well, not really! Prof Kin-Chow Chang, from the Nottingham University in the UK, said, “Right now we are distracted with Coronavirus and rightly so. But we must not lose sight of potentially dangerous new viruses.” While this newly discovered virus is not an immediate threat yet, he says, “We should not ignore it!” The researchers named this virus as G4 EA H1N1 that has a tendency to grow and multiply in the cells and can be ingested into humans through airways. Researchers also found some evidence of this virus among people working in abattoirs and the swine industry in China, according to the data from 2011to 2018. Existing flu vaccines do not provide any immunity against this virus but could be adapted if there would be any need. A World Health Organization spokeswoman said: "Eurasian avian-like swine influenza virus are known to be circulating in the swine population in Asia and to be able to infect humans sporadically. Twice a year during the influenza vaccine composition meetings, all information on the viruses is reviewed and the need for new candidate vaccine viruses is discussed. We will carefully read the paper to understand what is new. "It also highlights that we cannot let down our guard on influenza; we need to be vigilant and continue surveillance even during the COVID-19 pandemic.”
NASA can control everything except the basic human need. So, before it sends back the astronauts to the Moon, they want you to help them out in manufacturing an easy-to-use lunar restroom.To make things interesting, NASA has launched a competition known as the “Lunar Loo Challenge” in which the organization is partnering up with HeroX to come up with the best toilet designs for the future human lunar lander. Since the agency wants to send the first woman and the next man to the Moon by 2024, it needs assistance in creating a restroom that is versatile and inclusive. The problem is that without much gravity, things can get pretty messy. So, it’s essential that they prepare well and consider everything from different perspectives.It’s been many decades since NASA has been sending astronauts into space, so they’re well-equipped when it comes to creating good space toilets. But the idea is to think outside the box since now the technology on Earth is so evolved and diversified. NASA is even planning on awarding $35,000 as a prize to the person who comes up with the best solution!“We wanted to see what’s out there — what the unknown unknowns are and put the power of the crowd to find those citizen scientists who’ve got different perspectives.” – said Mike Interbartolo who is currently the project manager for the Lunar Loo Challenge and working on the Human Lunar Lander System at NASA.One thing is for sure: The new ideas will be much better than what the Apollo astronauts had access to. Do you know that the Apollo spacecraft that took humans to the Moon had absolutely no toilets? And to urinate they literally had to pee in a rubber tube that transferred the liquid into a container on lucky days and outside the spacecraft on bad days. Don’t even get us started on pooping because they used plastic bags with sticky rings around the rim that was attached to their behinds. “It was messy. You didn’t have any odor control. The crew hated it. It wasn’t easy to get a good seal on the bag without your buddy having to help. And that’s just not the way we want to go back to the Moon 50 plus years later.”To win this challenge, participants are requested to follow certain specifications. For example, the toilet must accommodate both men and women. Furthermore, it has to be of a certain size. In addition to this, it should suck all and not be too noisy or too time-consuming, etc. NASA has even estimated how much toilet the astronauts would have to use in space. And depending on that they’ve mentioned the amount of waste the toilet must be able to collect. According to the guidelines, the toilet must collect “1 liter of urine per use” and “accommodate 500 grams of faecal matter per defecation.” Moreover, the toilet must have the ability to accommodate all kinds of fluids including period blood and vomiting, etc. “We want to make sure it has enough redundancy so that if there’s a failure in the toilet, it doesn’t spread faecal matter or urine all over the cabin and contaminate things.” Interbartolo says that, “Going to poop on the Moon is not a top priority, but we don’t want to make it a miserable experience for the crew. We want to make it as comfortable and as close to home life as possible.”
According to a new study conducted by a team of European scientists, a person’s vulnerability to get coronavirus might depend on blood types and their DNA. The research has been published in the New England Journal of Medicine and its analysis explains why some people exhibit more severe symptoms while others barely even get the flu.Source: Medical Net The researchers say those people who have type A blood group might be more prone to acquiring the Covid-19 as they show severe symptoms compared to other blood types. Meanwhile, the people with the lowest risk of exhibiting symptoms are those with type O blood. Now it is not a given that if you have a specific type of blood, you will definitely fall into the category sorted by the scientists but the research has set some genetic variations common in patients who were extremely sick. So while the blood type might be a reason for the symptoms, the severity of the cases could very well be due to the weak immune system.Source: Business Insider The difference noted by the scientists might not be effective in the prevention but as far as vaccines and other medicines are concerned, they could be altered accordingly for the people with genetic modification.