Google updated its homepage logo with a doodle of Benoit Mandelbrot in honor of his 96th birthday!Widely known as the ‘Father of Fractal Geometry’, Benoit Mandelbrot is a Polish-born French and American mathematician with great interests in the practical sciences, especially related to what he called as “the art of roughness” of physical phenomenon and “the uncontrolled element in life.”Wondering what fractal geometry really is? Mandelbrot coined this term in 1975 to introduce a new branch of geometry that aims to make sense of all the irregular shapes and processes found in natural world and in our everyday lives. From snowflakes and ocean waves to the roller coaster rides of the stock market, he explained the mathematical phenomenon of all the irregular yet widely found shapes throughout nature. Belonging from a Jewish family, Benoit Mandelbrot was born on 20th November 1924 in Warsaw, Poland. He received a non-standard education during his childhood because of his Jewish background, and that’s also why World War II has been quite influential in Benoit's life. Prior to the outbreak of war, Benoit moved to France and received homeschooling from Szulim Mandelbrot, his uncle, who was also a mathematician living in Paris at that time. Benoit, after the war, finally enrolled himself in university where he earned a doctorate degree in mathematical sciences. In addition to his significant contribution to mathematics, he also worked at IBM in New York where he created an algorithm that modelled landforms found in nature. He digitally recreated fractals like the ‘Mandelbrot Set,’ which demonstrated how mathematics can be a beautiful thing.Among several Benoit Mandelbrot books , this was the major breakthrough of his career, and he published one of his famous books The Fractal Geometry of Nature in 1982. Benoit Mandelbrot Influenced Art and Mathematics – The Forward All his life, Benoit was driven by curiosity. He used to see things that a normal person couldn’t, things that may seem simple and usual to an average person; it was something extraordinary for Benoit. He experimented with ideas and was always looking for relationships. From big scientists and artists to school-going children, he could comfortably make fun conversations with almost everyone.Unlike any other scientist who preferred to see and concentrate on everything at the minute and narrow aspects, he was a unique person who preferred to look at wider perspectives and thus saw more deeply. His indispensable research and discoveries made valuable contributions to a wide array of fields, such as physics, finance, medicine, geology and arts. He revolutionized the way we see the world. Chris Anderson, the TED conference curator, described him as “an icon who changed how we see the world.” On 14 October 2010, Mandelbrot died from pancreatic cancer at the age of 85 in a hospice in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Reacting to his death news, Mathematician Heinz-Otto Peitgen stated that if we consider the impact that was created inside mathematics along with applications in the sciences, Benoit is indeed the most significant figure.” Do you want to know more about him? Here are some of the top documentaries or new documentaries 2020 including Fractal documentary Netflix and short clips that reflect on the life of the legendary mathematician Benoit Mandelbrot: Mandelbrot: The Secret Life Of Chaos BBC Four short documentary about Mandelbrot explores the secret life of chaos, a theory that defines the common mathematical feature in all worldly chaos, such as the crinkled edges of shores and the irregular shapes of trees and their branches. TED Talk ‘Benoit Mandelbrot: Fractals and the art of roughnessAt TED2010, the legend himself discussed the extreme complexity of roughness and the way Benoit Mandelbrot fractal math can find order and sense within patterns that seem complicated. Fractals: The hidden Dimension Fractals: The Hidden Dimension is an episode of Nova, a long-running series of documentaries based on research and speculation associated with science and history. The documentary narrates a theory discovered by Benoit Mandelbrot to describe the architecture and shapes used by nature. It’s a very informative documentary, explaining the complex terms and phenomena in a simpler and comprehensible way. Fractals: The Color of Infinity This is a documentary on Benoit’s discovered Fractal geometry narrated by Arthur C. Clarke, a science-fiction writer mostly known for his work 2001; A space Odyssey. In 1995, Clarke lent his voice to narrate a documentary on Fractals. Fractals: The Colors of Infinity tells the story of a mathematician Benoit Mandelbrot’s discovery, fractal geometry and what has been called “God’s fingerprint,” as fractals indicate that the things understood through time appear to imply additional meaning. The dispersion of stars across the night sky, the crinkled edges of the seashores, the grains of sand on the beach, can be graphically represented over time. The documentary features interviews of leading mathematicians, and original music written by Pink Floyd and David Gilmour. With its outstanding visual effects and original score, this documentary provides an excellent explanation of everyday fractal graphics and visualization. Ron Eglash: The Fractals at the heart of African Design In this TED talk, Ron Eglash, a mathematician, talked about his experiences in Africa while researching the fractal patterns he had observed in villages across the continent. He used the theories coined by the mathematician, Benoit Mandelbrot. Errol Morris starts his short documentary by inquiring a straightforward question from the legend himself: What is the origin of fractal stuff? Mandelbrot answers this potentially complicated query with an answer which is inimitably comprehensible. When he viewed at stuff that appeared to be complex to others, all of them were quite transparent for him. Morris’ documentary on Mandelbrot takes a simple approach to dissect his work and represent it in a narrative format in a way that is understandable to even those who don’t even belong to the mathematics background. After watching the above-mentioned clips and documentaries, we’re pretty sure the world may not appear the same to you! All thanks to Benoit and his ground-breaking discoveries in the field of mathematics. Since now you know what is Benoit Mandelbrot famous for, bookmark Hayvine to read more about Benoit Mandelbrot biography, Benoit Mandelbrot awards and Benoit Mandelbrot education.
So, who’s up for some celestial fireworks?The skies are going to be lit this November… actually, we could see about 10 to 15 bright spots falling down an hour overnight Monday into early Tuesday morning as the annual Leonid meteor shower peaks above the United States in the dark night sky. “The annual Leonids [meteor shower], caused by Earth passing harmlessly through the debris left by comet Temple-Tuttle, peaks in the predawn hours tomorrow,” the NASA Solar System account tweeted Monday.The show will be widely visible across much of the United States starting around midnight, probably showering at least a dozen bright flares of light across the sky each hour.The Leonids are well-known for creating some of the most mesmerizing meteor displays in the annals of astronomy. The most remarkable meteor storms were in 1799, 1833, and 1966, when about tens of thousands of bright spots per hour were observed across the sky. And in 1999, 2001 and 2003, Leonid displays were much less, as only a few thousand meteors per hour took place. If you’re still confused whether you should watch the celestial firework display or not, here are 8 reasons to watch tonight’s meteor shower: This year’s Leonid meteor shower will be more visible than the previous one! The skies are going to be clear across the United States, with a slight chance of rainfall near the Canadian border, according to the weather forecast. In 2019, the Leonid meteor shower was disrupted by the light of the moon. However, this year, a thin, crescent moon will only be 5% illuminated, making it more visible to enjoy the rare sight across the skies. Though, it won’t be as spectacular as shown in Disney movies Space.com says that this year’s shower will be calm as compared to those from 2001 and 2002, when thousands were visible. So, if you’re expecting a mesmerizing sky show on Tuesday morning, we’re sorry to break this to you, but it’s not going to happen since the shower will be a bit weak this year! It is important to stress upon the outset that any claims of a Disney-style spectacular meteor shower display will be highly exaggerated or overly optimistic. Perfect date night opportunity! Despite the odds, you can still enjoy a romantic date night under the open skies, when thousands of bright flares of light rush down the earth. Just imagine a chilly night, cool breezes, a mesmerizing view, and the company of your loved one! A bright, momentary escape from the dark, chaotic pandemic! Source: Sapceweather.com (A Leonid fireball captured over Sweden in 2015)This celestial event is a perfect opportunity to escape from the chaos for one night, and truly enjoy the once-in-a-year view— exactly what we have been needing this year! Make sure you position yourself away from city lights where the skies appear to be much darker. A memorable drive down the countryside! People usually prefer to see meteors from yards, decks, rooftops, streets, and especially highways in and around cities. But the best place to enjoy the mesmerizing view is always in the country. Just drive far away from the town, you’ll notice that same glittering stars who were dimmed by the city lights, will drastically popping out brighter into your view. Perfect time for night camping at your local park! Source: Space.com (a photo captured during 2015's Leonid meteor showers.City, state and national parks can also be the ideal places to enjoy the meteor shower. Make sure to go to the park early in the day so that you can grab a wide-open area with a good view of the sky in all directions. Going for a night camping with friends and family, and breathing in fresh air feels like a distant memory since the pandemic has forced all of us to cave inside our homes. So, treat your lungs to some fresh air and give your eyes a view to remember by heading to your local park tonight! A spectacular night out! Hanging out in bars, restaurants, or slumbering at your friend’s place has become so mainstream! Why not plan a night out with friends to watch a meteor shower this time? When night falls, you’ll probably be desperate to see meteors, but you have to wait till midnight! The National Weather Service suggests you should give yourself at least an hour to truly enjoy the lit skies. Your eyes will be adjusting for the first 20 to 30 minutes, and after that, you’ll see something bright and spectacular coming from the skies. NWS says that the most active period will be 2.am to dawn.So, make sure to get enough sleep in the early evening. And after midnight, lie back comfortably and watch the sky at its best! The unexpected eye treats across the skies from every direction Meteors in annual showers are usually named for the point in the starry sky from which they seem to radiate. These showers are called Leo the Lion because these meteors radiate outward from the vicinity of stars, which appears to look like a lion’s mane.The point in the sky from which meteors appear to radiate is called the radiant point. The radiant point is actually an optical illusion. This illusion of the radiant point is caused by the meteor movements, usually moving on parallel paths.Nowadays, people are mistaken that you must know the meteor’s radiant point in order to see the meteor shower. But it’s actually not the case; the meteors aren't usually visible until they are 30 degrees from their radiant point. Hence, the Leonid meteors will be visible in all parts of the sky! So whatever direction you’re looking at, you’ll definitely see several bright spots popping out into the sky.
Your boyfriend is on a moon mission and isn’t able to reply back to your text? This is simply no excuse anymore!Well, the latest news is that NASA has given Nokia of America $14.1 million to deploy a cellular network on the moon! Yes, you heard that right! The grant is actually related to the $370 million worth of contracts which are signed under NASA’s Tipping Point selections – aimed to advance research and development regarding space exploration. The plan is to build a 4G/LTE network and eventually take it forward to 5G. According to NASA, it will initially be claimed as the first LTE/4G communications system in space. "The system could support lunar surface communications at greater distances, increased speeds, and provide more reliability than current standards."– wrote NASA in the official announcement.Nokia’s research dept, Bell Labs, has written a detailed thread on Twitter, talking about the company’s aim to support the wireless operation of lunar rovers and navigation.The network is supposedly built to be compact as well as efficient, so that it could withstand extreme temperature, radiation, and even the vacuum conditions of space. According to UPI, NASA has plans to live broadcast the announcement, which will reveal that the network will extend to spacecraft and develop technology that is suitable for the moon. Of course, there isn’t enough information regarding this project, but it’s all in the works.
According to Neil deGrasse Tyson, an asteroid of the size of a refrigerator might strike the Earth one day before the November election. However, the diameter isn’t that big of a deal, so no serious damage is expected. The popular astrophysicist said that this space rock is known as 2018VP1 and that it’s coming towards the Earth at 25,000 miles per hour with the potential to clip the planet. He took to Instagram to share his findings, saying that it may buzz-cut the Earth on 2nd November.However, as mentioned earlier, it is not big enough to cause harm. He joked in the end, suggesting that if the world ends in 2020, it won’t exactly be the fault of the universe. NASA identified the asteroid earlier and claimed that the asteroid rocketing towards the Earth has less than one percent chances of an actual strike. “It currently has a 0.41% chance of entering our planet’s atmosphere, but if it did, it would disintegrate due to its extremely small size.”– said the space agency.
This week, the popular Red planet is coming closer to saying ‘Hi' to earthlings!So, it turns out Mars is not just closest to our heart but also to our actual planet of residence! This week, Mars is at its closest to Earth, giving you a golden opportunity to marvel at the Red Planet with your own eyes.On October 6th, Mars nosedived within 38,568,816 miles of Earth (62,070,493 kilometers), making a smooth, close approach. This is the closest it will be for the next 15 years or until September 2035.The Red Planet is quite visible, high in the eastern sky. It seems like a mesmerizing reddish light if the weather in your region permits to see it.NASA wrote in a sky watching guide that October is the best month to view Mars. The red planet remains visible the entire night these days as it reaches the topmost point in our sky. Earth and Mars move around the sun in an elliptical manner, orbiting in the same direction but at different speeds and at different distances from our stars. With this pattern, every 780 days, or every two years, Mars and Earth come closest to each other. So, this week they will be at their closest!On October 13th, the Earth comes between the sun and Mars and they all line up in their respective orbits. According to the Earthsky.org; when both the Mars and earth perfectly circles the sun and on the same plane, the Earth and Mars' distance becomes least on the Mars' opposition day. However, we don't live a perfectly symmetrical universe. If you’re confused with the phenomenon, here’s a better explanation:It was in 2018 when the last time Mars got closest to our planet; it was even closer in 2003—the pair made a historic approach.Though the planet is still not as close as our moon is to Earth, it will not appear to be as big as the moon in the sky. But the Red planet will have an additional glow this October.In fact, the brighter it gets, the more it will be visible as the moon in the sky. You just have to look up, and spot the red glowing planet somewhere in the sky. This week is a once-in-years opportunity that we probably won’t get again until 2035. Don't forget to wave ‘Hi’ to Mars as it goes past you!
It’s becoming increasingly important to use our power and vote out the people who currently sit in the Oval Office. So whether you’re present somewhere down in America or in another orbit outside the surface of Earth – just vote!Up to four American astronauts plan to vote in the general election as they realize the significance of this moment. They’ve decided to vote during the general election from the outer hemisphere – continuing the longstanding tradition of people casting votes from space. The first astronaut to cast in her vote at the ISS is Kate Rubins. She’ll be launching on a Russian Soyuz rocket on the 14th of October with two Russian cosmonauts. She says that it is highly important for people to vote. If people can vote from the space then folks can do it too from the ground.Rubins will be followed by Mike Hopkins, Viktor Glover, and Shannon Walker – currently, on the second flight of SpaceX’s Crew Dragon, they’ll be catching up with her at the ISS on the 31st of October. A Japanese astronaut Soichi Noguchi will be in their company as well. They all plan to vote from the orbit this year. This will be the second time that Walker will be voting from the orbit. She did it the first time during her International Space Station trip back in 2010.She says that all of them are going to vote from the space. She says that NASA goes well with various election organizations as we all vote in various counties. Contrary to popular belief, casting a ballot from space is a fairly straightforward process. There’s been a continuous human presence on the International Space Station for the past two decades all thanks to NASA and its consistent efforts. So basically, before they take off, NASA astronauts are asked to fill out a Federal Post Card Application – the same form that military members use in case of absence due to deployment during the election. If it’s approved, the county clerks overseeing the election within each applicant’s home counties send out test ballots to NASA. The agency also checks whether or not the ballots can be filled in space. If confirmed, the NASA’s Mission Control Center emails them ballots on the Election Day. The rest of the process is as usual.Of course, the process may be simple but nothing about voting from space is ordinary. Whether you’re in space or in the USA, you know that this year specifically has been a rough year for Americans, thus the SpaceX’s Crew Dragon is aptly named Resilience. “That means functioning well in times of stress or overcoming adverse events. I think all of us can agree that 2020 has certainly been a challenging year: a global pandemic, economic hardships, civil unrest, and isolation.” – Said Hopkins about the name. Let’s take inspiration from these bright minds and cast in our votes on the Election Day!